5 reasons why Israel matters to India
NEW DELHI: Defense, agriculture, trade, diplomacy and water management will dominate the talks during the current visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Israel – the first prime minister of India to visit the Jewish homeland.
In addition to his official official commitments, Modi is also expected to meet Moshe Holtzberg, a survivor of the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist attack in Mumbai 2008. Moshe was two years old when the attack occurred.
“Before the visit, the two countries have prepared a joint economic enterprises roadmap,” Haaretz said June 29, 2017.
“The Israeli cabinet approved a 23-page document pursuing dozens of bilateral measures and a budget of 280 million NIS (about $ 79.6 million, or Rs 514 crore) – a larger sum than Israel has never restricted to China, Africa and Latin America.
India is the main destination for arms exports to Israel, buying 41 percent of exports between 2012 and 2016, according to the Stockholm International Research Institute for Peace, an independent international research institute and conflict.
Israel is the third largest source of arms in India, with a share of 7.2 percent in imports between 2012 and 2016, alongside the United States (14 percent) and Russia (68 percent).
Early indications of cooperation came during the 1962 Sino-Indian War, while Israel was providing military aid from India. Israel has also aided India during the wars with Pakistan in 1965 and 1971.
India rebuilt during the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel providing spare parts for French Mystere and Hurricane aircraft and AX-13 tanks (also made in France).
The emphasis on partnership was the provision of Israeli artillery shells during the Kargil war in 1999, while India faced a shortage.
In the late 1990s, a critical defense contract was purchased by Barak, an Indian, one air defense missile, purchased specifically for its ability to intercept Harpoon missiles manufactured in the United States deployed by Pakistan.
Indian imports of unarmed UAVs were almost all of Israeli origin. In 176 unmanned aerial vehicles purchased from Israel, 108 are unmanned aerial vehicles. UAV Searcher and Heron are 68.
In April 2017, India and Israel have signed a $ 2 billion for medium-range surface missile system, which will provide the Indian Army the opportunity to shoot down aircraft, missiles and drones distances of up to 70 km.
In September 2016, tests were conducted on surface-to-air long range missiles developed along with a range of 70 km, designed to equip three guided missile destroyers of the Indian Navy.
India has successfully tested the air-surface missile in SPYDER’s rapid response from Israel in May this year. The Indian Air Force (IAF) plans to implement this system on its western border.
India and Israel also cooperate closely in the fight against terrorism problems through a joint working group in the fight against terrorism.
Several official ministerial and senior Israeli visits preceded the Modi tour. These were visits by Interior Minister LK Advani in 2000, former APJ President Abdul Kalam in 2008, Interior Minister Rajnath Singh in 2014, President Pranab Mukherjee in 2015 and Minister of Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj in 2016.
Three ships of the Indian Navy, destroyer INS Mumbai, INS Trishul and frigate INS Aditya cistern made a goodwill visit to the port of Haifa in May 2017 to mark the 25 years of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
An action plan for Indo-Israeli agriculture of 2015-18 is operational and 15 of the 26 centers of excellence proposed in agriculture were developed in India with the help of Israel to present the latest technologies to farmers in India .
Phase I (2010-12) and Phase II (2012-15) of the agreement has been completed, in response to the Lok Sabha.